What is the Retail Industry?:
The retail industry is a sector of the economy that is comprised of individuals and companies engaged in the selling of finished products to end user
consumers. Multi-store retail chains in the U.S. are both publicly traded on the stock exchange and privately owned.
An estimated two-thirds of the U.S. gross domestic product
(GDP) comes from retail consumption. Therefore, store closings and openings are an indicator of how well the U.S. economy is recovering after the Great Recession in the late 2000's.
Size of the US Retail Industry:
According to the latest annual report from the U.S. Commerce Department, total retail sales in 2011 were $4.7 trillion, which represents an 8% increase over 2010 total retail sales (including food service and automotive). The 2011 increase was the largest year-over-year increase since 1999, indicating that economic recovery is well underway and that the future of the U.S. economy is expansion, not recession.
The Largest U.S. Retail Industry Companies:
Measured solely by revenue numbers, the U.S. is the undisputed leader of the retail industry. Wal-Mart is not only the largest global retailer, it is also one of the largest companies of any kind in the world. According to Fortune Magazine's 2010 "Global 2000" list, 54 of the largest companies of any type in the world are U.S. based companies with that are solely retail companies or companies with significant retail operations.
The World's Largest Retailers - Global Retailing:
Of the world’s 10 largest retail companies in the world, five of them are from the US and five are from Europe. These top ten global retailers had combined sales of $1.15 trillion in 2009, according to international consulting group, Deloitte.
While the economy in their home country is recovering, many U.S.
retail chains are expanding globally, opening stores in emerging markets and in countries with thriving economies. India, China
, and Dubai are fertile retail grounds that global retailers are working to cultivate in 2010.
Retail Employment, Jobs and Careers:
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 14.4 million people were employed in the U.S. Retail Industry as of April, 2010. Although retail employment was increasing every month at the beginning of 2010, retail employment numbers were still the lowest they've been for the past decade. Because of the decline in retail jobs and the increase in overall unemployment, the retail job market in 2010 is extremely competitive at all levels.
Types of Businesses in the Retail Industry:
Generally, any business that sells finished merchandise to an end user is considered to be part of the retail industry. Sales figures and economic data is sometimes reported separately for restaurants and automotive-related businesses, but by definition they are considered to be members of the retail industry as well.
Two Types of Retailers in the Industry:
– Those engaged in the sale of products from physical locations which warehouse and display merchandise with the intent of attracting customers to make purchases on site.
Non-Store Retailers – Those engaged in the sale of products using marketing methods which do not include a physical location. Examples of non-store retailing include:
- Direct Response television advertising
- Catalogue Sales
- In-Home Demonstrations
- Vending Machines
- Multi-Level Marketing
Retail Industry Trends:
Retail technology - particularly the integration of internet shopping with mobile phone devices - will be the hottest trend in the U.S. retail industry in 2011. >> Retail Technology Predictions >>
Frugality and conscious consuming are expected to continue in U.S. retailing in 2011 due to continuing high unemployment and underemployment.
Green products and services, green facilities, and green activism are being heavily publicized by U.S. retailers, and strongly supported by U.S. consumers.
Retail Industry Outlook:
As was predicted in the Deloitte report, “2008 Industry Outlook: A Look Around the Corner,” U.S. retailing is still struggling due to the housing market crash, the financial meltdown, high gas prices, and chronic unemployment.
The report recommends that retailers focus on these strategies in order to recover from recession:
Retail Industry First Quarter 2009 Results
U.S. Retail Industry Recession: